The Different Features of Gabion Walls, Baskets and Fences

Apr. 06, 22

If you enjoy gardening or landscaping, chances are you've seen gabion walls, baskets, or fences. Or maybe you've heard of them before when researching your options. But you may not fully understand exactly what they are.

Here, we're going to take a look at what they really are and help you figure out if they're the choice you need for your garden.

What is a gabion wall

The most common type of gabion structure is the full gabion wall. Gabions are a descendant of the Italian word for "large cage", which is the proper name for them. Essentially, they can be thought of as a combination of rock and wire. Their nature is simple: a wire cage is erected and filled with rocks.

Sometimes the rocks can be replaced with different materials such as tiles, broken bricks, or even pine cones and pebbles. The materials you use may require different thicknesses of wire, as thinner nets may be needed to stop finer materials such as pebbles from spilling out.

In addition to having impressive integrity and the ability to withstand a lot of pressure, they have a rustic, natural look that makes them an attractive feature in many gardens and a practical choice.

The Different Features of Gabion Walls, Baskets and Fences

What is a gabion basket

When researching gabion structures, you may come across a number of different terms that may seem difficult to distinguish at first. In addition to gabion walls, you may read or hear about gabion baskets.

A gabion is simply a metal mesh used to contain the materials that make up a wall. As mentioned above, you must be careful in choosing the correct basket to accommodate the material of the wall.

When working with heavy materials or building retaining walls, you need steel mesh and heavier wire diameters to ensure the structural integrity of the wall. They are usually sold in flat-packed kits that you can then unroll and fill with selected materials.

The Different Features of Gabion Walls, Baskets and Fences

What is gabion fencing

In most cases, a gabion fence wall is used as a retaining wall. This means that if you have a garden or any landscape that is divided into several levels, a gabion fence wall will help retain soil or pebbles from spilling over into the lower levels.

However, gabion fencing is not used to retain the higher levels, but rather as a divider between one space and another.

The construction of a gabion fence can be trickier than a wall. The weight of the material alone can make it dangerous and easy to topple over. For this reason, make sure you consult with a professional builder or structural engineer who has experience working with this particular material.

The Different Features of Gabion Walls, Baskets and Fences

Materials used for fencing/walls

Which material is used for a gabion fence or wall depends largely on what your intended purpose for it is. Are you building a retaining wall, a tall fence, or something more decorative?

For more practical applications, you will want a heavier, harder material, and stone has always been one of the favorites for these uses. However, for more artistic uses, you can use whatever you want. Some people will use smaller pebbles, colored shingles or even acorns to achieve the special look they want for their garden.

Nowadays, most baskets are made of galvanized, coated or stainless steel and come in a variety of different diameter weights. Keep your needs in mind and ask the professionals what materials are best for your project.

The Different Features of Gabion Walls, Baskets and Fences

Summing Up

They are a very popular feature in many gardens due to their practicality and design flexibility.

Can you think of some uses for gabions in your garden? If you would like to learn more about landscaping and architectural options, feel free to browse our blog. If you need to purchase gabion mesh, please contact us.

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